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9 SEO Ideas for Small Businesses on a Budget

By John Tabita

This article was sponsored by SEO PowerSuite. Thank you for supporting the sponsors who make SitePoint possible.

Search engine optimization can be defined as “everything you do to improve your visibility in search engines.” But SEO has evolved beyond mere on-page optimization and link building. Once unrelated fields like social media and content marketing have become necessary ingredients to a successful search engine optimization strategy. So, here are nine ideas for improving your visibility in the search engines—on a budget, of course.

1. Get Started with Social Media

Social Media and SEO

Although Google doesn’t use social media activity as a ranking factor, there’s a strong correlation between the two. In one case study, a company’s website rankings increased by 6.9 percent after their Facebook Page received 50 likes and 70 shares.

What’s more, in February, Twitter struck a deal with Google to make tweets visible in Google’s search results as soon as they’re posted. According to TechCrunch:

Twitter estimates that there are some 600 million people who already land on Twitter pages as “logged-out” (that is, unregistered) users, compared to the 288 million registered monthly active users it has today.

You Don’t Need to be on Every Platform

Before you head off to create your Twitter account, ask yourself if whether its users fit your customer demographics. Facebook has the most evenly-distributed demographics of any platform (albeit apparently rapidly abandoned by teens in lieu of Instagram and Tumblr).

Instead of trying to be on every platform, just go where your customers are.

Why Facebook Pages Rank Well

Google treats social media pages just like any other webpage—its bots crawl the site and add the information to its index (i.e., database).

However, Facebook is not just “any other webpage.” It’s the third most-used site on the Internet. As an “authoritative” site, you can capitalize on its propensity to rank well.

Facebook's clout means your business pages will rank well

In the screenshot above, the number one position for this search query is the store’s Facebook Page. What’s more, it’s the only listing for that store that appears in the SERP.

The owner told me that that Facebook is only online presence they currently have. If they didn’t, you wouldn’t know the store exists.

Setting Up Your Facebook Page

I don’t recommend Facebook (or any other social media platform) being “your only online presence.” However, if you’re just starting out, you can set up a Facebook page quicker than a website. Here are the steps to get you started.

A Facebook Page requires a personal profile. If you don’t have one, you’ll need to do this first.
On the left sidebar of your profile, under PAGES, click Create Page.
Add enhanced content (cover photo, business information, etc.)
Post at least three times a week. You can also schedule posts in advance.
Gaining followers by inviting your Facebook friends to like the Page, emailing your customer list, and promoting your Page.

Promoting your Page isn’t free but—as the screenshot below shows—you’ll reach more people and gain more followers than if you strictly relied on organic reach.

The difference between Facebook's paid and organic reach — sometimes it's worth paying for

2. Give Your Website a Facelift

According to a 2014 survey, nearly 40 percent of SMB websites are built by “myself, a staffer, a friend or family member.” But owning a camera doesn’t make me a professional photographer. Which is why most small businesses are not succeeding with their current site.

Making a website look pretty isn’t that difficult. Getting it to perform well in search engines and converting visitors into buyers requires a professional touch. Here’s what you must do to take your site to the next level.

Freshen Up Your Content

Nearly two decade after the web became mainstream, the old adage “Content is King” still holds true. Without relevant, well-written content, your site has little chance of achieving a top ranking in the search engines.

Ideally, hiring a professional copywriter would be best. But since this article is about businesses on a budget, The Non-Writer’s Guide to Writing for the Web is a must-read.

Optimize Your Pages

To determine what your site is about, search engines take their cue from the title, URL, heading, and content of each page.

Keywords are still important to SEO

It’s best to create separate pages for each product or service, and then use the appropriate keywords (and variations of those keywords) in each of these places.

A word of caution. Don’t stuff your content full of keywords in an attempt to get better ranking. Search engines have become smarter since the web’s early days and will penalize you if your content isn’t written naturally. Content written for the average person to read will rank better than content written for a search bot.

Want more information on how to get search engines to notice your content? Check out The Non-Writer’s Guide to Writing for Search Engines.

Research Your Keywords

But wait! Before you do any of the above, you need to identify your best keywords.

Many business owners assume they already know which keywords people use to search for their product or service. But they’re missing an opportunity to access the most reliable database in existence. I’m fairly certain the information Google has on how consumers search for my business is more accurate than my “best guess.”

SEO PowerSuite’s Rank Tracker will show you the most relevant, traffic-generating keywords.

Organize Your Site

If your website looks like my desk, good luck having anyone find anything. (Hey, don’t you know that a messy desk is a sign of creative genius?)

But here’s the rub: “…under the mass of papers, magazines, and various objects, there is a sense of organization only the creator can operate through.” So an unorganized website is neither creative nor genius. It’s a recipe for disaster.

How to organize your website is a whole other article—unfortunately one that I’ve not written. But here’s one I can highly recommend.

3. Play Nice with Mobile Users

On April 21, Google officially made “mobile friendliness” a ranking factor. That means websites optimized to display properly on a mobile device will rank better in the mobile search results. This change, according to their Webmaster Central Blog, “will have a significant impact in our search results.”

Mobile is Critical for Both Local and Non-Local Businesses

I’ve written extensively about why mobile is now mission-critical. Google’s recent move has made it even more so.

How to Check if Your Site is Mobile-Friendly

Checking your site on a smartphone is the obvious answer. If you want a more in-depth analysis, SEO PowerSuite has a handy tool to check if your site is mobile-friendly.

Tools to Quickly Mobilize Your Existing Site

If you need a mobile website on the quick, there’s plenty of mobile website builders to choose from. While this may not be the ideal long-term solution, it will get you a mobile website that meets Google’s standards for “mobile-friendliness.”

Using WordPress? No problem. Here are some of the best plugins to mobilize a WordPress site.

4. Look Under the Hood

Search engines use automated software programs (called bots or spiders) that search the web looking for content. When they find a site, they “crawl” through it, following the links to each page, then add the content to their database.

Sometimes these spiders encounter an error that prevents them from successfully crawling the entire site. Unfortunately, unless you “look under the hood,” you’ll never know if these errors are occurring.

Don't confuse Google's crawler, fix your page errors

Using Google Webmaster Tools

Google Webmaster Tools will show you site errors like the ones above. Unfortunately, it doesn’t necessarily tell how to fix these errors. SEO PowerSuite’s Site Audit Checklist will help you both identify and fix crawl errors.

Create a Sitemap

A sitemap is an XML file that lists all the pages of your site so that search engines can crawl it more effectively. This helps if your site is larger or is new and has few external links.

You can create a sitemap manually or use an online sitemap generator. Once you do, upload it to the root folder of your site, then submit your sitemap in Webmaster Tools.

For WordPress sites, Google XML Sitemaps Generator plugin creates the sitemap and submits it to the search engines in a few clicks.

5. Get Listed, Get Found

If you’re a local business, then having your business information listed across the numerous online directories and local search portals is a key factor to getting found online.

The more places your business is consistently and accurately listed, the more confident Google and the other search engines can be that your business actually exists and that the information they provide to its users is accurate.

Claim Your Local Listings

First and foremost, claim your Google listing. Then, if you have time, claim Yahoo, Bing, and Yelp as well.

List Submission Services

For the hundreds of other local search directories, you can submit your business information to the four data providers that the major search engines and directories get their listings from:

Infogroup
Acxiom,
Localeze
Factual

(Please note there may be a cost associated with submitting your listings to each provider.)

For more tips on optimizing your local presence, see Mastering Local SEO.

The Playing Field is not Level

In Google’s ideal world, links are earned naturally, simply by creating high-quality, unique content. In reality, all other things being equal, recognizable brands will always outperform small business websites because they attract more links.

What’s more, search engines favor brands because their user data tells them people tend to click on brand websites more than non-brands. And as these sites rank better in the search results, people will continue clicking on (and linking to) brand websites more than non-brands. And so the cycle continues.

Link building is hard work. But it can be less painful if you start with existing offline relationships, activities and promotions. These can be leveraged into inbound links.

For example, a sports chiropractic firm could earn a valuable EDU backlink by sponsoring a university’s annual 5K run.

Likewise, hosting local events or a local promotion like a Groupon can generate links.

Searching for mentions of your business name online may reveal organizations that have mentioned you on their site, but failed to link back. Ask them to do so.

7. Get Customers Talking about You

Reviews are another local ranking factor. All things being equal, a business with more reviews will tend to outrank a competitor who has none. Most local search experts believe Google favors Google+ reviews.

How and Why Reviews Became a Ranking Factor

Google dominates the search market because it’s determined to give its users the best possible experience. That means anything searchers use to make buying decisions will eventually become a factor in Google’s search algorithm.

Unfortunately, businesses have been blissfully ignorant about the effect reviews can have. Many have bad reviews on websites they didn’t even know existed. And the only way to offset bad reviews is by getting more positive ones. Welcome to Reputation Marketing 101.

The Right Way to Solicit Reviews

Monitoring your reputation won’t improve your search results, and Google doesn’t penalize you for having bad reviews. But a top ranking on Google is moot when the search results page displays your less-than-stellar rating for all to see.

Positive reviews can help you capitalize on your high search ranking

It’s crucial that you respond properly to negative reviews. But to offset negative ones and improve your search engine ranking, it’s just as crucial to solicit positive reviews.

You can even ask customers to submit a review right from their Gmail inbox.

8. Become a Content Marketing Rock Star

Once upon a time, SEO was a purely technical endeavor that involved optimizing the pages of your website and obtaining incoming links. But no longer. Enter “content marketing” into the mix.

Content Marketing means creating and sharing valuable free content to attract and convert prospects into customers, and customers into repeat buyers. The type of content you share is closely related to what you sell; in other words, you’re educating people so that they know, like, and trust you enough to do business with you. – Copyblogger

I talked about social media earlier. Blogging is the other side of the content marketing coin. It’s fine to share others’ content, but creating your own accomplishes two purposes:

Drives traffic directly to your website
Establishes your credibility as an expert in order to generate leads

How Blogging Affects Ranking

I once published a blog post at the end of the business day and found it on page one of Google by 10 a.m. the next day. Granted, it wasn’t a highly competitive category. But it demonstrates how closely Google takes notice of fresh content. Here are three other ways blogging helps.

More Indexed Pages

Keep in mind that Google ranks webpages, not websites. Each blog post is one more page on your site that can potentially rank for your keywords. So quantity and quality are a must.

Blog articles can attract inbound links from other sites, an important ingredient for good search engine ranking.

Social Media

Sharing your blog articles on your social media profiles can generate likes, shares and other social media activity, resulting in backlinks to your site.

Adding a Blog to Your Website

How you go about adding a blog to your website will depend on how it’s built.

If you’re running a self-hosted WordPress site, your theme may already include blog functionality. You’ll merely need to make that section live.

If you’re using a DIY platform like Wix or Squarespace, then adding a blog section should be relatively straightforward. I say “should” because, if you have a free plan, your options may be limited unless you upgrade.

With a static HTML site, you have a few options:

Install WordPress in a sub-directory on your current site (e.g., www.yourdomain.com/blog). However, the WordPress theme you choose won’t match your current site.

Install WordPress in a sub-directory on your current site and make your WordPress site look like your current design. (This may require a skilled PHP programmer.)

Rebuild your entire site in WordPress and be done with it.

A word of advice: this article is titled, 9 SEO Ideas for Small Businesses on a Budget. For many small businesses, “budget” is often code for “I don’t have any money to spend, so what can I do for free?”

Keep in mind that “free” comes with a price—your time. Of all the ideas I’ve presented, setting up a website/blog will be the most time-consuming and requires the most skill. Over the years, I’ve encountered many business owner who thought they could save money building their own website, only to produce an inferior product, or worse—never getting around to it.

Your website is the foundation of your online presence. So my advice is to spend part of your budget to hire a professional. Because, in reality, the only thing more costly than a professional is an amateur.

Getting Started Blogging

If you’ve never written before, blogging can seem intimidating. (For a jump-start on writing well, see The Non-Writer’s Guide to Writing for the Web.)

If that’s you, commit to writing one article a month. Make sure it’s informative or educational, not promotional. For blogging to build your business, you must first build an audience.

Automating your content marketing will save time. Earlier I mentioned how you can schedule Facebook posts in advance. Tools like BuzzBundle let you post content to multiple social media profiles from a single dashboard.

There are also plugins and third-party services that automatically share your blog posts to your social media profiles.

9. Go Viral with Video

Video Affects Ranking and Generates Traffic

  • Your website is 53 times more likely to appear on page one of Google if it contains a video (Forrester Research)
  • 75% of consumers visit the company’s website after watching a video (DigitalSherpa)
  • 73% of consumers are more likely to buy after watching a video that explains the product or service (Animoto Online and Mobile Video Study, 2014)

DIY Video Production

Professional video production can cost thousands of dollars. For a business on a budget, do-it-yourself video production is your only option.

With a smartphone, a few equipment hacks, and a little practice, you, too, can shoot professional-quality videos. Go have some fun.

What’s Next?

If this seems like a lot of work, you’re right—it is. Which is why marketing firms like us exists. But don’t despair. I’ve structured this article in order of importance. I consider 1 – 6 “mission critical.” (Non-local businesses can skip item 5.) Start with these. If you see an improvement, the others may not be necessary.

Depending on the competitiveness of your market, you may have to put in more effort to rank than others. Yes, it takes time, but a year from now, you’ll wish you had started today.

Have questions? Post them in the comments below.

Comments
Dharne_and_Co

Nice clean explanation. Small businesses often find the right way on how to start with SEO for their websites. This blog will surely give the right insight and steps on how to start exactly with SEO.

kristinahughes

This is one of the great summarize informational resource for the digital marketers especially for the beginners. Nowadays social media especially the facefook takes the vital role to promote any kind of business amongst there billions of daily users in a simple way. Facebook offer free profile as well as free facebook fan.. You can easily convert your friends on your fan page and gets lot of traffic as well as likes for your page.

Wasabi

I believe you missed one of the most important and worthy (FREE) social media pages to have. That being Google+ business page.

djsmithme

Will it just die! Look at the returns the big companies are getting from facebook/linked in compared to traditional advertising. There just isn't any money in it and people do not want to be bothered while talking to friends on fb with company ads, it's no better than a mailing list for the most part.

If you create a facebook page you have to use it. Same with twitter, linkedin, google+, google places, google business, pinit, trip advisor...blablabla. The number of times people start it, let the content go stale, or have no content to begin with and it actually makes them look worse, or even worse has negative effects on rankings. Google (everything) is a mess we are always finding google+ pages employee's have created. Who care if the local plumber is cleaning an old ladies pipes. It doesn't have to go on facebook, you shouldn't be turning it into a blog post and nobody wants to retweet it so as far as 'SEO' goes its a waste of time. If it's poor quality content google with see it as so. Plus now you have to worry about generating new content every day/week/month. Plus if you enable comments (good for seo outbound/inbound links) then you have to monitor those aswell- how much is your time worth? There are PR implications as well if you insult a group of people it could be bad for you business/brand...the list goes on.

Most SEO is bull. The only people that see a return on SEO are the ones that either
a) Actively use and generate conversation with people
b) Pay a load of money to get other people to use and generate conversation with people

You are in one league. First page google is up there with sites that will spend £1m on SEO. You can't compete. Focus on content and conversation with your customers and leave the 'SEO' stuff to the ones that are willing to pay the money that needs to be spent in order to get a return.

kennethcbrown15

Your guidance would be of immense help for any small business owner. To rank well, one should put focus on creating an organized site full of fresh content and having presence on social networking site is also vital.

Christop

I agree with Wasabi, Google+ business page and Google plus one (+1) button inside the webpage is having a big positive impact.

spartonx

very nicely written mate, real good stuff. great job.

Strifegall

Thank you so much for the great, well structured information!

GloriaWhisetter

Your advice is really useful; some tips were new for me and I’ll certainly try them on practice. Thank you for the good article!

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