New Series: Principles Of Design

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paint I’m starting a new series called the Principles Of Design, which sounds pretty lofty and as if it should take several years of study. However, for each of the principles we’re going to look at, I’m willing to bet that even if you’re new to design you already know a little bit about them, but maybe haven’t used the terminology or really thought about them too much before. The principles are basic and they appear in any piece of well-designed work, whether it’s for the web, for a brochure, for a business card or for an advertisement. No one principle works alone, they generally work together.

Elements and Principles

In the past we’ve looked at elements of design, namely Type, Line, Shape, Texture. Consider these as the building blocks for your design. The principles that we’ll look at over the next few weeks are what makes the structure strong and holds it together. The five principles that can help to build a strong design and make it stand out are:

  • Balance
    To create a clean, balanced look, every element should have a visual connection with another element on the page. Don’t just fill your page with stuff willy nilly (official design term). Nothing should be placed on the page arbitrarily.
  • Proximity
    When elements that are related to each other are placed close together, they become one visual unit, reducing clutter and giving a clear structure. Organizing information into appropriate groups is one of the quickest and easiest ways to improve your designs.
  • Contrast
    If everything on the page looks the same, you’re going to have a pretty boring design. By bringing contrast into the design, your page will instantly become more attractive. Contrast can be applied to shapes, colors, type and lines. For good contrast, make the elements very different.
  • Value
    Value can be described simply as the relative lightness or darkness of an object. Like contrast, value can add depth and dimension to your designs.
  • Color
    Color and value are closely related. Color has incredible power to create a mood and change the intent of a design. Color choices should be made carefully to ensure the success of any design.

Next week we’ll start by taking a look at balance, how it can improve your designs and some examples of designs that make great use of it.

Jennifer FarleyJennifer Farley
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Jennifer Farley is a designer, illustrator and design instructor based in Ireland. She writes about design and illustration on her blog at Laughing Lion Design.

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