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JavaScript Twitter Search API Example

Sam Deering
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Today, I wanted to use the Public Twitter Search API and grab the latest 5 tweets tagged “jquery4u”. Here is how you can do it yourself.

Update 09/10/13: Twitter search API is deprecated.

The JavaScript/jQuery

Here we can access the public feed from the Twitter search API and specify a JSON callback for the data.

Parameters:
q = the search string (make sure it’s uri encoded)
rpp = the number of tweets we want to get

//get the JSON data from the Twitter search API
$.getJSON("http://search.twitter.com/search.json?q=jquery4u&rpp=5&callback=?", function(data)
{
//loop the tweets
$(data.results).each(function(i,v)
{
//...see full code below
}
}

The HTML

<div id="twitter-widget"></div>

The CSS

.twitStream{
font-family: verdana;
font-size: 11px;
}
.twitStream a{
font-family: verdana;
font-size: 11px;
}
.tweet{
display: block;
padding: .4em;
margin: .4em 0;
}
.tweet-left{
float: left;
margin-right: 1em;
}
.tweet-left img{
border: 2px solid #000000;
}
.tweet p.text{
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
}

Full Code Listing

Here is the full JavaScript Object for the Twitter Widget.

/**
* JQUERY4U
*
* Displays the latest tweets.
*
* @author Sam Deering
* @copyright Copyright (c) 2012 JQUERY4U Pty Ltd
* @license http://jquery4u.com/license/
* @since Version 1.0
* @filesource js/jquery4u.twitter.js
*
*/

(function($,W,D)
{
W.JQUERY4U.TWITTER = {

name: "JQUERY4U TWITTER",

init: function(wid)
{
//helper functions
String.prototype.linkify=function(){
return this.replace(/[A-Za-z]+://[A-Za-z0-9-_]+.[A-Za-z0-9-_:%&;?/.=]+/g,function(m){
return m.link(m);
});
};
String.prototype.linkuser=function(){
return this.replace(/[@]+[A-Za-z0-9-_]+/g,function(u){
return u.link("http://twitter.com/"+u.replace("@",""));
});
};
String.prototype.linktag=function(){
return this.replace(/[]+[A-Za-z0-9-_]+/,function(t){
return t;
});
};

//load twitter stylesheet
$("head").append('');

//get the tweets from Twitter API
$.getJSON("http://search.twitter.com/search.json?q=jquery4u&rpp=5&callback=?", function(data)
{
// console.log(data.items.length);
$(data.results).each(function(i,v)
{

var tTime=new Date(Date.parse(this.created_at));
var cTime=new Date();
var sinceMin=Math.round((cTime-tTime)/60000);
if(sinceMin==0){
var sinceSec=Math.round((cTime-tTime)/1000);
if(sinceSec<10)
var since='less than 10 seconds ago';
else if(sinceSec<20)
var since='less than 20 seconds ago';
else
var since='half a minute ago';
}
else if(sinceMin==1){
var sinceSec=Math.round((cTime-tTime)/1000);
if(sinceSec==30)
var since='half a minute ago';
else if(sinceSec<60)
var since='less than a minute ago';
else
var since='1 minute ago';
}
else if(sinceMin<45)
var since=sinceMin+' minutes ago';
else if(sinceMin>44&&sinceMin<60)
var since='about 1 hour ago';
else if(sinceMin<1440){
var sinceHr=Math.round(sinceMin/60);
if(sinceHr==1)
var since='about 1 hour ago';
else
var since='about '+sinceHr+' hours ago';
}
else if(sinceMin>1439&&sinceMin<2880)
var since='1 day ago';
else{
var sinceDay=Math.round(sinceMin/1440);
var since=sinceDay+' days ago';
}
var tweetBy='<a class="tweet-user" href="http://twitter.com/'+this.from_user+'" target="_blank" rel="noopener">@'+this.from_user+'</a> <span class="tweet-time">'+since+'</span>';
tweetBy=tweetBy+' &middot; <a class="tweet-reply" href="http://twitter.com/?status=@'+this.from_user+' &in_reply_to_status_id='+this.id+'&in_reply_to='+this.from_user+'" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Reply</a>';
tweetBy=tweetBy+' &middot; <a class="tweet-view" href="http://twitter.com/'+this.from_user+'/statuses/'+this.id+'" target="_blank" rel="noopener">View Tweet</a>';
tweetBy=tweetBy+' &middot; <a class="tweet-rt" href="http://twitter.com/?status=RT @'+this.from_user+' '+escape(this.text.replace(/&quot;/g,'" target="_blank" rel="noopener">RT</a>';
var tweet='
<div class="tweet">
<div class="tweet-left"><a href="http://twitter.com/'+this.from_user+'" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="'+this.profile_image_url+'" alt="'+this.from_user+' on Twitter" width="48" height="48" /></a></div>
<div class="tweet-right">
<p class="text">'+this.text.linkify().linkuser().linktag().replace(/'+tweetBy+'</p>

</div>
 

</div>
';

$("#twitter").append(tweet); //add the tweet...

});
});
}
}

})(jQuery,window,document);

Usage


jQuery(document).ready(function($) {
    JQUERY4U.TWITTER.init();
});

Some of the code used above is courtesy of TwitStream. Thanks guys.