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The Case for Registering Multiple Domains

    Harry Fuecks

    Via /.Optimizing Page Load Time has some very interesting insight, in particular this point;

    By default, IE allows only two outstanding connections per hostname when talking to HTTP/1.1 servers or eight-ish outstanding connections total. Firefox has similar limits. Using up to four hostnames instead of one will give you more connections. (IP addresses don’t matter; the hostnames can all point to the same IP.)

    That’s actually an HTTP 1.1 recommendation (section 8.1.4);

    Clients that use persistent connections SHOULD limit the number of
    simultaneous connections that they maintain to a given server. A
    single-user client SHOULD NOT maintain more than 2 connections with
    any server or proxy. A proxy SHOULD use up to 2*N connections to
    another server or proxy, where N is the number of simultaneously
    active users. These guidelines are intended to improve HTTP response
    times and avoid congestion.

    More snippets of insight here and here. This is also something you should think about related to AJAX.

    A minor nit: the approach recommended in “Optimizing Page Load Time” is;

    Rather than loading all of your objects from http://static.example.com/, create four hostnames (e.g. static0.example.com, static1.example.com, static2.example.com, static3.example.com)

    That may not be optimal solution though – if you’re using cookies with a domain like .mysite.com then clients will be sending cookies in their static content requests – that may miss the opportunity to have intermediary proxy servers cache for you, further distributing load / reducing network distances – described in Michael J. Radwin’s HTTP Caching & Cache-Busting for Content Publishers under “3. Cookie-free TLD for static content” (watch for speaker notes).

    In other words, when you get to start worrying about this stuff, you probably want to think about registering a separate domain for static content, under which you can then employ subdomains to reduce page load time.