How to Use Operating System Styles in CSS

    Craig Buckler
    Craig Buckler
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    CSS system styles
    One of the lesser-known features of CSS2.1 is the ability to define fonts and colors that are in use by the underlying Operating System theme. This can be useful in situations when you require tighter OS integration, e.g. HTML help files, Adobe AIR or perhaps offline web applications. Before we begin, there are a few caveats:
    • Do not rely on these properties working in all OS/browser combinations. If your application must work in Opera on BeOS, then I’d recommend you test it first!
    • The properties have been deprecated in CSS3 in favor of the appearance value type (although browser support is extremely limited at this time).
    • There is nothing to prevent the user defining unusual, clashing, or ugly color schemes in their OS. Pages will reflect their choices — not your designer’s.

    System Fonts

    System fonts are assigned using the ‘font’ property. Note that the family, size, and style are all assigned as appropriate, e.g.
    
    body
    {
    	font: caption;
    }
    
    The following font values are available. The ‘Example’ column shows the current font set by your OS.
    PropertyDescriptionExample
    captionControls font (buttons, drop-downs, etc.)ABC abc 123
    iconIcon label fontABC abc 123
    menuMenu fontABC abc 123
    message-boxDialog box fontABC abc 123
    small-captionSmall control labelsABC abc 123
    status-barStatus bar fontABC abc 123

    System Colors

    System colors can be assigned to to any property that expects a color value, e.g.
    
    body
    {
    	color: WindowText;
    	background-color: Window;
    	border: 2px solid ActiveBorder;
    }
    
    The following color values are available. They are shown in CamelCase for legibility, but any casing is valid. The ‘Example’ column shows the color set by your OS.
    PropertyDescriptionExample
    ActiveBorderActive window border 
    ActiveCaptionActive window caption 
    AppWorkspaceBackground color of multiple document interface 
    BackgroundDesktop background 
    ButtonFaceFace color for 3D display elements 
    ButtonHighlightDark shadow for 3D display elements (facing away from light) 
    ButtonShadowShadow color for 3D display elements 
    ButtonTextText on push buttons 
    CaptionTextText in caption, size box, and scrollbar arrow box 
    GrayTextGrayed (disabled) text (#000 if not supported by OS) 
    HighlightItem(s) selected in a control 
    HighlightTextText of item(s) selected in a control 
    InactiveBorderInactive window border 
    InactiveCaptionInactive window caption 
    InactiveCaptionTextColor of text in an inactive caption 
    InfoBackgroundBackground color for tooltip controls 
    InfoTextText color for tooltip controls 
    MenuMenu background 
    MenuTextText in menus 
    ScrollbarScroll bar gray area 
    ThreeDDarkShadowDark shadow for 3D display elements 
    ThreeDFaceFace color for 3D display elements 
    ThreeDHighlightHighlight color for 3D display elements 
    ThreeDLightShadowLight color for 3D display elements (facing the light) 
    ThreeDShadowDark shadow for 3D display elements 
    WindowWindow background 
    WindowFrameWindow frame 
    WindowTextText in windows 
    Would these properties be useful in your next project?

    Frequently Asked Questions about CSS System Styles

    What are CSS System Styles and why are they important?

    CSS System Styles are a set of predefined styles that are native to the operating system or browser. They are important because they allow developers to create web pages that can adapt to the user’s system preferences, providing a more personalized and accessible user experience. For instance, if a user has set their system to dark mode, a web page styled with CSS System Styles can automatically adjust to match this setting.

    How do CSS System Styles differ from regular CSS styles?

    Regular CSS styles are defined by the developer and remain the same regardless of the user’s system settings. On the other hand, CSS System Styles are dynamic and can change based on the user’s system preferences. This makes them a powerful tool for creating adaptable and user-friendly web designs.

    How can I use CSS System Styles in my web design?

    CSS System Styles can be used in your CSS code just like any other style. The main difference is that instead of specifying a fixed value, you use a system color keyword. For example, to set the background color to match the user’s system window background, you would use the code background-color: Window;.

    What are some examples of CSS System Styles?

    There are many different CSS System Styles that correspond to various aspects of the user’s system. Some examples include ButtonFace for the face color of a button, Highlight for the color of selected text, and WindowText for the color of text in windows.

    Are CSS System Styles supported by all browsers?

    CSS System Styles are widely supported by most modern browsers, including Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. However, it’s always a good idea to test your web design in multiple browsers to ensure compatibility.

    Can I use CSS System Styles with other CSS styles?

    Yes, CSS System Styles can be used in combination with other CSS styles. This allows you to create a design that is both adaptable and consistent with your brand.

    How do CSS System Styles improve accessibility?

    CSS System Styles improve accessibility by allowing web pages to adapt to the user’s system preferences. This can make it easier for users with visual impairments to navigate your site, as they can adjust their system settings to meet their needs.

    Can I override CSS System Styles?

    Yes, you can override CSS System Styles by specifying a different style in your CSS code. However, keep in mind that this will negate the adaptability benefits of using system styles.

    Are there any drawbacks to using CSS System Styles?

    One potential drawback to using CSS System Styles is that they can lead to inconsistent designs across different systems. However, this can be mitigated by using a combination of system styles and regular CSS styles.

    Where can I learn more about CSS System Styles?

    There are many resources available online for learning about CSS System Styles. Some recommended sites include the Mozilla Developer Network, W3C, and SitePoint.