Browser Trends July 2016: Is a Chrome Monoculture Harmless?

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Browser Trends July 2016: Is a Chrome Monoculture Harmless?

May’s Microsoft Misfortune saw IE and Edge plunge further behind the competition. Does June provide a more optimistic outlook in the latest StatCounter browser statistics? Er, no…

Worldwide Desktop & Tablet Browser Statistics, May to June 2016

The following table shows browser usage movements during the past month.

Browser May June change relative
Chrome 57.07% 57.99% +0.92% +1.60%
Firefox 14.50% 14.14% -0.36% -2.50%
IE11 8.65% 8.18% -0.47% -5.40%
oldIE 2.73% 2.59% -0.14% -5.10%
Edge 2.29% 2.55% +0.26% +11.40%
Safari 4.32% 4.28% -0.04% -0.90%
iPad Safari 5.35% 5.33% -0.02% -0.40%
Opera 1.80% 1.68% -0.12% -6.70%
Others 3.29% 3.26% -0.03% -0.90%

Worldwide Desktop & Tablet Browser Statistics, June 2015 to June 2016

The following table shows browser usage movements during the past twelve months:

Browser June 2015 June 2016 change relative
Chrome 49.77% 57.99% +8.22% +16.50%
Firefox 16.09% 14.14% -1.95% -12.10%
IE11 11.33% 8.18% -3.15% -27.80%
oldIE 7.16% 2.59% -4.57% -63.80%
Safari 10.55% 9.61% -0.94% -8.90%
Opera 1.62% 1.68% +0.06% +3.70%
Others 3.48% 5.81% +2.33% +67.00%

(The tables show market share estimates for desktop browsers. The ‘change’ column is the absolute increase or decrease in market share. The ‘relative’ column indicates the proportional change, i.e. Edge’s user base grew 11.4% last month. There are several caveats so I recommend you read How Browser Market Share is Calculated and StatCounter vs NetMarketShare.)

Other than Edge edging up, Chrome was the only browser to make gains during June 2016. The 12-month chart illustrates the chasm which has formed between Chrome and its competitors:

June 2016 browser trends chart

You should also note Opera, Vivaldi, Brave and a range of lesser-used browsers are based on the same Blink rendering engine which is developed for Chrome and Chromium. Are we heading uncontrollably toward another monoculture?

I’ve been an outspoken critic of browser monocultures (note this article refers to WebKit since it was written prior to Google’s fork of the engine into Blink.) Like others who developed web sites and applications during the dark days of IE6 domination, I remain concerned about the rise of any browser monopoly:

  1. The monopolistic vendor has less incentive to innovate.
  2. The vendor becomes too powerful and can dictate web standards. Their refusal or lethargy for implementation can kill a technology.
  3. A monoculture makes it harder for others to compete. Those vendors may abandon their own efforts or go out of business.

However, the IE6 days were different.

The early web threatened Microsoft’s shrink-wrapped software model, especially since Netscape claimed to be building a web-based OS (the reality was more than a decade away). Microsoft entered the browser war and killed competition with a free browser which was significantly better than others available. The result: IE6 gained a 95% market share. Microsoft halted further development and retreated to web-enabled Windows and Office software.

Today, Google’s primary revenue stream is web-based services. The company has no reason to abandon browser development, because they depend on the web. A better browser permits better web applications, which compete better against Apple and Microsoft products. Google has an incentive to work with other vendors and support standards, because it allows their services to work everywhere regardless of browser or device. Web developers then benefit from increased cross-browser compatibility.

So is the Chrome monoculture harmless? I’m yet to be convinced. Competition is good, and Google’s influence could be considered too powerful. Fortunately, there is a wide range of browsers available, and newer vendors have not been dissuaded from entering the market.

That said, I urge you to look beyond Chrome and consider alternatives. All the mainstream browsers are excellent. Don’t believe Chrome is always ahead or accept the monoculture, because it makes your life a little easier.

So, wondering what you could switch to? Perhaps Blisk is your next web development browser? Or perhaps Vivaldi?

Worldwide Mobile Browser Statistics, May to June 2016

After a huge 2.25% jump in mobile traffic last month, usage dropped 1.95% in June and now accounts for 43.86% of all web activity.

The top mobile browsing applications for the month were:

Mobile Browser May June change relative
Chrome 34.44% 38.23% +3.79% +11.00%
iPhone 17.36% 18.95% +1.59% +9.20%
UC Browser 20.49% 14.24% -6.25% -30.50%
Opera Mini/Mobile 10.98% 10.77% -0.21% -1.90%
Android 7.68% 7.83% +0.15% +2.00%
Samsung Internet 5.46% 6.30% +0.84% +15.40%
IEMobile 1.52% 1.61% +0.09% +5.90%
Others 2.07% 2.07% +0.00% +0.00%

UC Browser appears to have dropped by an unprecedented 6.25%. There is an explanation: some versions of the browser were incorrectly sending an additional page view for every valid request. StatCounter has adjusted for the double-counting, which explains why Chrome and the iPhone increased while the mobile/desktop ratio decreased. That’s the sort of nonsense you need to deal with when collating browser statistics!

The rest of the chart saw few dramatic changes although Samsung Internet continues to make good gains. See you next month.

Craig BucklerCraig Buckler
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Craig is a freelance UK web consultant who built his first page for IE2.0 in 1995. Since that time he's been advocating standards, accessibility, and best-practice HTML5 techniques. He's created enterprise specifications, websites and online applications for companies and organisations including the UK Parliament, the European Parliament, the Department of Energy & Climate Change, Microsoft, and more. He's written more than 1,000 articles for SitePoint and you can find him @craigbuckler.

Browser Trendsbrowsersedgefirefoxgoogle chromeieoperaRalphMsafari
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