Read and Display Server-Side XML with JavaScript Article

XML is a very important base on which Web Services work, and, in conjunction with a number of client- and server-side languages, can be put to good effect.

Let’s see how we can use XML and client side JavaScript to display the contents of a XML file, access child elements, manipulate elements, and more!

Browser Issues

When it comes to client side languages, browser incompatibilities are a major issue. But here, using XML and JavaScript, it’s XML that’s the issue: not all browsers support the parsing of XML documents.

I’ll use IE6 to explain the codes. Browsers that don’t support XML can’t read these, so when you view an XML file in such a browser, it will simply ignore all the tags.

Sample XML File

Let’s consider a sample XML file, which shows employee data and Turnover of a company:

<?xml version="1.0" ?>  
<company>
<employee id="001" sex="M" age="19">Premshree Pillai</employee>
<employee id="002" sex="M" age="24">Kumar Singh</employee>
<employee id="003" sex="M" age="21">Ranjit Kapoor</employee>
<turnover>
<year id="2000">100,000</year>
<year id="2001">140,000</year>
<year id="2002">200,000</year>
</turnover>
</company>
Manipulating the XML file data using JavaScript

Load The XML File

You can load a XML fie from JavaScript like this:

var xmlDoc = new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLDOM"); 
function loadXML(xmlFile)
{
 xmlDoc.async="false";
 xmlDoc.onreadystatechange=verify;
 xmlDoc.load(xmlFile);
 xmlObj=xmlDoc.documentElement;
}

Actually, just the last two lines of the function are enough to load the XML file. The previous two lines ensure that any JavaScript functions that we may use to manipulate the XML file data later, will not perform any function on an uninitialized object. Thus the function verify()is called:

function verify() 
{
 // 0 Object is not initialized
 // 1 Loading object is loading data
 // 2 Loaded object has loaded data
 // 3 Data from object can be worked with
 // 4 Object completely initialized
 if (xmlDoc.readyState != 4)
 {
   return false;
 }
}

Now the XML file can be loaded:

loadXML('xml_file.xml');

Display The Contents of the XML File

View the entire contents of the XML file using alert(xmlObj.xml); The whole XML file will be displayed in an alert box as it is, with proper indentation.

Children and Nodes

In the above XML file, <company> is the top level tag under which all other tags fall. These tags are called children. This XML file can be represented graphically like a folder-tree:

989_folderimage

In the above XML file, the top level tag <company> has 4 children.

The numbering of children (as is usual in all languages) starts from 0 (zero). The <turnover> tag has 3 children under it.

We can find the number of children a tag has by using the childNodes.length property. Thus the number of children of <company> tag (here, 4) can be found by using xmlObj.childNodes.length

The number of children of <turnover> tag (here, 3) can be found by using xmlObj.childNodes(3).childNodes.length

Here we use childNodes(3) because <turnover> is the 3rd child of <company>

Test for Children

You can test whether a particular node child has any children using childNodes(i).hasChildNodes

Thus, xmlObj.childNodes(3).hasChildNodes() will return true. xmlObj.childNodes(2).hasChildNodes() will return false, as the <employee> tag doesn’t have any children.

Get Tag Name

You can get the tag name of a child using childNodes(i).tagName. Thus, xmlObj.tagName will return "company". xmlObj.childNodes(0).tagName will return "employee". xmlObj.childNodes(3).childNodes(0).tagName will return "year".

Display the Content of a Tag

In the XML file, the content of the 1st <employee> tag is "Premshree Pillai". You can get this value using xmlObj.childNodes(0).firstChild.text

xmlObj.childNodes(2).firstChild.text will return "Suhasini Pandita". Similarly, xmlObj.childNodes(3).childNodes(1).firstChild.text will return "140,000".

Attributes

In the XML file, the <employee> tag has 3 attributes. An attribute can be accessed using childNodes(i).getAttribute("AttributeName"). Thus, xmlObj.childNodes(0).getAttribute("id") will return "001". xmlObj.childNodes(1).getAttribute("age") will return "24". And xmlObj.childNodes(2).getAttribute("sex") will return "F".

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