Using Redis with Node.js

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Originally published at: http://www.sitepoint.com/using-redis-node-js/

Redis is a fast and efficient in-memory key-value store. It is also known as a data structure server, as the keys can contain strings, lists, sets, hashes and other data structures. If you are using Node.js, you can use the node_redis module to interact with Redis. This tutorial explains various ways of interacting with Redis from a Node.js app using the node_redis library.


Installing node_redis


node_redis, as you may have guessed, is the Redis client for Node.js. You can install it via npm using the following command.

npm install redis

Getting Started

Once you have installed node_redis module you are good to go. Let’s create a simple file, app.js, and see how to connect with Redis from Node.js.


app.js

var redis = require('redis');
var client = redis.createClient(); //creates a new client 

By default, redis.createClient() will use 127.0.0.1 and 6379 as the hostname and port respectively. If you have a different host/port you can supply them as following:

var client = redis.createClient(port, host);

Now, you can perform some action once a connection has been established. Basically, you just need to listen for connect events as shown below.

client.on('connect', function() {
    console.log('connected');
});

So, the following snippet goes into app.js:

var redis = require('redis');
var client = redis.createClient();

client.on('connect', function() {
    console.log('connected');
});

Now, type node app in the terminal to run the app. Make sure your Redis server is up and running before running this snippet.


Storing Key-Value Pairs


Now that you know how to connect with Redis from Node.js, let’s see how to store key-value pairs in Redis storage.


Storing Strings


All the Redis commands are exposed as different functions on the client object. To store a simple string use the following syntax:

client.set('framework', 'AngularJS');

Or

client.set(['framework', 'AngularJS']);

The above snippets store a simple string AngularJS against the key framework. You should note that both the snippets do the same thing. The only difference is that the first one passes a variable number of arguments while the later passes an args array to client.set() function. You can also pass an optional callback to get a notification when the operation is complete:

client.set('framework', 'AngularJS', function(err, reply) {
  console.log(reply);
});

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#2

I have always been wanting to play with Redis. Thanks for this tutorial. Do you recommend a similar one for node mongo module?

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#3

Thanks for the comment! I would suggest mongoose for interacting with MongoDB from Node.

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#4

So u using this way for the webpages? Do you think that it's a really secure way - to make a web-accessible database?

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closed #5

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