I have a simple login system that I am trying to develop further by adding the ability to store the last login time of a given user. It appears I can't quite get my update query correct.
The code i am using in PDO is as follows;
// This variable will be used to re-display the user's username to them in the
// login form if they fail to enter the correct password. It is initialized here
// to an empty value, which will be shown if the user has not submitted the form.
$submitted_username = '';
// This if statement checks to determine whether the login form has been submitted
// If it has, then the login code is run, otherwise the form is displayed
// This query retreives the user's information from the database using
// their username.
$query = "
username = :username
// The parameter values
$query_params = array(
':username' => $_POST['username']
// Execute the query against the database
$stmt = $db->prepare($query);
$result = $stmt->execute($query_params);
// Note: On a production website, you should not output $ex->getMessage().
// It may provide an attacker with helpful information about your code.
die("Failed to run query: " . $ex->getMessage());
// This variable tells us whether the user has successfully logged in or not.
// We initialize it to false, assuming they have not.
// If we determine that they have entered the right details, then we switch it to true.
$login_ok = false;
// Retrieve the user data from the database. If $row is false, then the username
// they entered is not registered.
$row = $stmt->fetch();
// Using the password submitted by the user and the salt stored in the database,
// we now check to see whether the passwords match by hashing the submitted password
// and comparing it to the hashed version already stored in the database.
$check_password = hash('sha256', $_POST['password'] . $row['salt']);
for($round = 0; $round < 65536; $round++)
$check_password = hash('sha256', $check_password . $row['salt']);
if($check_password === $row['password'])
// If they do, then we flip this to true
$login_ok = true;
// If the user logged in successfully, then we send them to the private members-only page
// Otherwise, we display a login failed message and show the login form again
// Here I am preparing to store the $row array into the $_SESSION by
// removing the salt and password values from it. Although $_SESSION is
// stored on the server-side, there is no reason to store sensitive values
// in it unless you have to. Thus, it is best practice to remove these
// sensitive values first.
// This stores the user's data into the session at the index 'user'.
// We will check this index on the private members-only page to determine whether
// or not the user is logged in. We can also use it to retrieve
// the user's details.
$_SESSION['user'] = $row;
// Redirect the user to the private members-only page.
die("Redirecting to: home.php");
// Tell the user they failed
// Show them their username again so all they have to do is enter a new
// password. The use of htmlentities prevents XSS attacks. You should
// always use htmlentities on user submitted values before displaying them
// to any users (including the user that submitted them). For more information:
$submitted_username = htmlentities($_POST['username'], ENT_QUOTES, 'UTF-8');
Ideally I'd like the user to be logged in and then just before they are directed to 'members only' page the current date/time logged as a timestamp in the MySQL DB.
The only success I have had is inserting a new record with no data, but not matching an existing an id and then updating the last login column.
The query I constructed that inserts a blank record is;
$sql = "REPLACE INTO users(user_lastlogin) VALUES('$user_lastlogin')";
$q = $db->prepare($sql);
And the following code is sucessfully updating the necessary record but is clearing all existing data and just writing the user_lastlogin value;
$lastlogintime = date("Y-m-d H:i:s");
$id = $_SESSION['user']['id'];
$sql = "REPLACE INTO users(id,username,password,salt,email,created,user_type,user_lastlogin) VALUES('$id','$username','$password','$salt','$email','$created','$user_type','$lastlogintime')";
$q = $db->prepare($sql);
How can I update the record relating to their user ID with this data?