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Index of PHP tokens for Emacs and beyond

    Troels Knak-Nielsen

    I’ve been using Emacs as my primary editor for a while now. A lot of people prefer IDE’s, but I’ve never been comfortable with them. I kind of like the ability to show a list of classes & functions in a file though. Emacs can use ctags to generate a list of tokens for a file, but I weren’t really satisfied with its output.
    As you probably know, PHP has a ridiculous amount of functions for all kinds of things, and as it happens, token_get_all gives access to the Zend Engine tokenizer. In other words, the same chunk of code, which PHP itself uses, when reading a .php file. This provides an excellent base for writing a script, which can parse the socks off ctags.

    So without further ado: ~/scripts/tokens.php parses a file and prints the classes and functions found in there. It also prints a small excerpt of any docblocks, which precedes the item. This makes for a nice table of contents.

    if (!defined('T_UNSPECIFIED_STRING')) {
      define('T_UNSPECIFIED_STRING', -1);
    function token_get_all_improved($data) {
      $tokens = array();
      $line = 1;
      $col = 0;
      $level = 0;
      $scope_level = null;
      $in_scope = false;
      foreach (token_get_all($data) as $token) {
        if (is_array($token)) {
          list ($token, $text) = $token;
        } else if (is_string($token)) {
          $text = $token;
          $token = T_UNSPECIFIED_STRING;
        if ($token === T_CURLY_OPEN || $token === T_DOLLAR_OPEN_CURLY_BRACES || $text === '{') {
          if (is_null($scope_level)) {
            $scope_level = $level;
        } else if ($text == '}') {
          if ($in_scope && $level < $scope_level) {
            $in_scope = false;
        $tmp = $text;
        $num_new_lines = substr_count($tmp, "n");
        if (1 <= $num_new_lines) {
          $line += $num_new_lines;
          $col =  1;
          $tmp = substr($tmp, strrpos($tmp, "n") + 1);
          if ($tmp === false) {
            $tmp = '';
        $col += strlen($tmp);
        if ($token === T_INTERFACE || $token === T_CLASS) {
          $in_scope = true;
          $scope_level = null;
        $xtoken = new StdClass();
        $xtoken->type = $token;
        $xtoken->text = $text;
        $xtoken->line = $line;
        $xtoken->col = $col;
        $xtoken->blockLevel = $level;
        $xtoken->isClassScope = $in_scope && !is_null($scope_level);
        $tokens[] = $xtoken;
      return $tokens;
    function docblock_excerpt($str) {
      if (preg_match('~*{2}[sn*]+(.*)~', trim($str, '/'), $matches)) {
        return $matches[1];
    function transform_tokens_to_list($tokens) {
      $buffer = null;
      $docblock = null;
      $results = array();
      $access = '+';
      foreach ($tokens as $token) {
        switch ($token->type) {
        case T_PUBLIC:
          $access = '+';
        case T_PRIVATE:
          $access = '-';
        case T_PROTECTED:
          $access = '#';
        case T_DOC_COMMENT:
          $docblock = $token->text;
        case T_INTERFACE:
        case T_CLASS:
        case T_FUNCTION:
          $buffer = $token;
          $buffer->access = $access;
          $access = '+';
        case T_STRING:
          if (!is_null($buffer)) {
            $buffer->isMember = $buffer->isClassScope || ($buffer->type != T_FUNCTION);
            $buffer->docblock = $docblock;
            $buffer->name = $token->text;
            $results[] = $buffer;
            $buffer = null;
            $docblock = null;
      return $results;
    function list_to_table($results) {
      $view = array();
      $last = null;
      foreach ($results as $token) {
        if ($last && ((!$token->isMember && $last->isMember) || (in_array($token->type, array(T_INTERFACE, T_CLASS))))) {
          $view[] = array('', '', '', '', '');
        $last = $token;
        $view[] = array(
          $token->isMember ? $token->access : '',
          strtolower(str_replace('T_', '', token_name($token->type))),
      return $view;
    function format_table($map) {
      $out = array();
      $column_widths = array_fill(0, count($map[0]), 0);
      foreach ($map as $row) {
        foreach ($row as $num => $col) {
          $column_widths[$num] = max($column_widths[$num], strlen($col));
      foreach ($map as $row) {
        $line = '';
        foreach ($row as $num => $col) {
          $line .= str_pad($col, $column_widths[$num] + 2);
        $out[] = trim($line);
      return implode("n", $out);
                isset($argv[1]) ? $argv[1] : 'php://stdin')))))
      . "n");

    You can use the script alone, but I have also written an accompanying emacs-mode, which loads the result into a buffer and makes each line “clickable”, so you can jump to the relevant position in the file. This could probably be improved on — I’m still a novice, when it comes to lisp. Save it as ~/site-lisp/php-tokens.el (Or where your custom elisp scripts reside).

    (defvar php-tokens-mode-target-buffer nil)
    (defun php-tokens-mode-find-occurrence ()
      (let ((pos (get-text-property (point) 'occur-target)))
        (when pos
          (unless (buffer-live-p (get-buffer php-tokens-mode-target-buffer))
            (error "Buffer for this occurrence was killed"))
    (defun php-tokens-mode-goto-occurrence (&optional event)
      "Go to the occurrence the current line describes."
      (interactive (list last-nonmenu-event))
      (let ((pos
             (if (null event)
                 ;; Actually `event-end' works correctly with a nil argument as
                 ;; well, so we could dispense with this test, but let's not
                 ;; rely on this undocumented behavior.
               (with-current-buffer (window-buffer (posn-window (event-end event)))
                   (goto-char (posn-point (event-end event)))
        (pop-to-buffer php-tokens-mode-target-buffer)
        (goto-line pos)))
    (defun php-tokens-mode (buffer-name regexp)
      (pop-to-buffer buffer-name)
      (setq buffer-read-only nil)
      (let ((matchbeg 0)
            (origpt nil)
            (begpt nil)
            (contloop t)
            (endpt nil))
          (goto-char (point-min)) ;; begin searching in the buffer
          (while (and contloop (not (eobp)))
            (setq origpt (point))
            (if (setq endpt (re-search-forward regexp nil t))
                (add-text-properties (line-beginning-position) (line-end-position)
                                      `(mouse-face (highlight))
                                      `(occur-target ,(string-to-number (match-string 0)))))
              (setq contloop nil)))))
      (local-set-key '[return] 'php-tokens-mode-goto-occurrence)
      (local-set-key '[mouse-1] 'php-tokens-mode-goto-occurrence))
    (defgroup php-tokens nil
      "Generates an overview of PHP tokens"
      :group 'convenience)
    (defun php-tokens ()
      "Lists tokens for a PHP-buffer"
      (let* ((source-buffername (buffer-name))
             (buffername "*php-tokens*")
             (contents (buffer-substring-no-properties (point-min) (point-max))))
        (when (get-buffer buffername)
          (kill-buffer buffername))
          (pop-to-buffer buffername)
            (insert contents)
            (shell-command-on-region (point-min) (point-max)
                                     (format "php %s" (shell-quote-argument (expand-file-name "~/scripts/tokens.php")))
                                     buffername nil))
          (setq php-tokens-mode-target-buffer source-buffername)
          (php-tokens-mode buffername "^\([0-9]+\)[ ]+"))))
    (provide 'php-tokens)

    To use it, you must bind the function to a key. Make the following modifications to your .emacs file:

    (require 'php-tokens)
    (global-set-key '[f7] 'php-tokens)