Directories '403 Forbidden'

My main directory (/var/www/html/) works fine, and the files in it load properly. If I create a folder within this folder, that folder and the files within that folder are inaccessible.

For example:
/var/www/html/test.file WORKS
/var/www/html/1/test.file FORBIDDEN

The same owner, group, and permissions are on both files. I have tried changing the owner to apache, root, and others. The permission for both files is set to 775.

Any idea?

What is the owner of html folder? Is that HTML file, or PHP file?

The owner of html is root. The file in question is a jpg.

the folder needs permissions set along with the files
had this problem awhile back

anything in a folder that doesn’t have permission is off limits even though the files have permission