The Australian Copyright Act contains provisions that allow educational institutions and governments to use copyright material, without permission, provided they make fair payment. Copyright Agency Limited (CAL) is a non-profit organisation that collects and distributes copyright fees.
CAL was appointed in 1989 by the government to collect and distribute copyright fees for text and images used by educational institutions in 1990, and by the Copyright Tribunal to collect and distribute copyright fees for goverment use of text and images in 1998. There is information about CAL on the Attorney-General's Department here.
CAL has more than 16,000 members, who include writers, journalists, artists, photographers and publishers. It distributes more than $100 million a year in copyright fees to rights owners whose material has been used by governments, educational institutions, corporations and others.
Under CAL's current distribution model, where there is more than one rights holder, CAL pays one rights holder who undertakes to on-pay other rights holders. Most authors receive CAL payments indirectly through their publishers rather than directly from CAL. Authors can, however, receive payments directly from CAL by becoming a CAL member, and undertaking to on-pay any amounts due to other rights holders.
Copyright Agency Limited (CAL)